The engineer Chichester A Bell was a cousin of the telephone inventor Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922). In 1880 the French government awarded Alexander Graham Bell the Volta Prize of 50,000 francs for the invention of the telephone. Together with his cousin Chichester A Bell and Charles Sumner Tainter (1854-1940), he founded Volta Associates. Chichester A Bell and Sumner Tainter improved the phonograph by adding a flexible recording stylus and wax-coated cardboard cylinder, and patented their version in 1886. They exhibited their new machine, the Graphophone, in Washington, DC in 1889.
Portrait of Scottish-born American scientist and inventor Alexander Graham Bell (1847 - 1922), 1905. Bell was instrumental in the development of the telephone and was the namesake of the Bell Telephone Company. Photo by Bachrach/Getty Images)