Serge Letchimy, chairman of French Caribbean island of Martinique's... News PhotoAime Cesaire,Anniversary,Arts Culture and Entertainment,Author,Celebration,Chairperson,Fort de France,French Culture,French Overseas Territory,Headquarters,Horizontal,Launch Event,Literature,Martinique,New Life,Politician,President,SpeechPhotographer Collection: AFP 2013 AFPSerge Letchimy, chairman of French Caribbean island of Martinique's General Council and president of the Martinican Progressive Party (PPM) addresses, on January 21, 2013, at the PPM headquarters in Fort-de-France, in Martinique, to launch celebrations marking the 100th anniversary of French author and politician Aime Cesaire's birth. French poet Aime Cesaire (June 25, 1913 – 17 April 2008) was former mayor of Fort-de-France and had funded the PPM party in 1958. As a pioneer of the black pride movement, Cesaire was a cult figure on his native island of Martinique and in the French-speaking world. With fellow writers such as Leopold Sedar Senghor of Senegal, 'Papa Cesaire' invented the term 'negritude,' which he defined as an 'affirmation that one is black and proud of it', decades before the emergence of Steve Biko or Martin Luther King. AFP PHOTO JEAN-MICHEL ANDRE (Photo credit should read JEAN-MICHEL ANDRE/AFP/Getty Images)