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A portrait of late French poet and politician Aime Cesaire is... News Photo 159873807Aime Cesaire,Anniversary,Arts Culture and Entertainment,Author,Birthday,Effigy,Fort de France,French Culture,French Overseas Territory,Headquarters,Horizontal,Literature,Marking,Martinique,New Life,Poet,Politician,Politics,PortraitPhotographer AFPCollection: AFP 2013 AFPA portrait of late French poet and politician Aime Cesaire (C) is displayed on January 21, 2013 at the Martinican Progressive Party (PPM) headquarters in Fort-de-France, on the French Caribbean island of Martinique, marking the 100th anniversary of Cesaire's birth. Cesaire (June 25, 1913 – 17 April 2008) was former mayor of Fort-de-France and had funded the PPM party in 1958. As a pioneer of the black pride movement, Cesaire was a cult figure on his native island of Martinique and in the French-speaking world. With fellow writers such as Leopold Sedar Senghor of Senegal, 'Papa Cesaire' invented the term 'negritude,' which he defined as an 'affirmation that one is black and proud of it', decades before the emergence of Steve Biko or Martin Luther King. AFP PHOTO JEAN-MICHEL ANDRE (Photo credit should read JEAN-MICHEL ANDRE/AFP/Getty Images)