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Crampton Locomotive, 1849. Model . This locomotive was designed by T... News PhotoFinance,Horizontal,Locomotive,Transportation,UK,Victorian StylePhotographer Collection: SSPL SSPL/National Railway MuseumUNITED KINGDOM - SEPTEMBER 03: Crampton Locomotive, 1849. Model (scale 3:20). This locomotive was designed by T R Crampton for the Northern Railway of France, and was of the engine type patented by him during the period 1842-47. The distinctive position of the boiler kept the centre of gravity low, which added stability at speed. Locomotives of this design hauled French expresses from 1849 to about 1876. Built by M M Derosne et Cail, of Paris. (Photo by SSPL/Getty Images)