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TO GO WITH AFP STORY BY FRAN BLANDY A boy drinks from a water tap in... News PhotoAiming,Boys,Built Structure,Child,Diamond - Gemstone,District,Drinking,Education,Finance,Food and Drink,Freetown,Healthcare And Medicine,Horizontal,Kilometer,Mining,Responsibility,Sierra Leone,Training Class,Transportation,WaterPhotographer Collection: AFP 2012 AFPTO GO WITH AFP STORY BY FRAN BLANDY A boy drinks from a water tap in a 'new town' built by the diamond mining company Koidu Holdings, which aims to provide access to clean drinking water, education and training, free healthcare and infrastructure, in Koidu, the capital of the diamond-rich Kono district, in eastern Sierra Leone, some 250 km east from Freetown, on April 28, 2012. Small-scale artisanal mining has sustained this area since diamonds were discovered in 1930, and it was here that the 968.9-carat Star of Sierra Leone was found in 1972 -- the largest alluvial diamond ever found. Koidu also suffered some of the worst ravages of Sierra Leone's war in the nineties as rebels forced citizens to mine at gunpoint. But surface diamonds are near-depleted and only capital-intensive mining can reach the gems. On the other side of town, Koidu Holdings, a mining company owned by Israeli diamond magnate Beny Steinmetz, is testing a new plant built to process the diamonds from its two vertical kimberlite mines as part of a $150 million (115 million euro) expansion plan. AFP PHOTO/ ISSOUF SANOGO (Photo credit should read ISSOUF SANOGO/AFP/GettyImages)