Antonin Scalia, 79

Timothy Greenfield-Sanders/Corbis/Getty Images

The fiery Supreme Court justice, known for his sharp writing and relentless questioning during oral arguments, was a standard-bearer of conservative thought.

"Bear in mind that brains and learning, like muscle and physical skill, are articles of commerce. They are bought and sold. You can hire them by the year or by the hour. The only thing in the world not for sale is character."

- Antonin Scalia

Alex Wong/Getty Images

Scalia’s colorful writing style made his arguments accessible to readers outside the legal field, including liberal critics. He was known for unleashing his acerbic, sometimes controversial opinions on topics such as affirmative action and marriage equality.

Ken Heinen/U.S. Supreme Court/Getty Images

Known as Nino to his friends, Scalia (center) was a big personality who formed friendships across ideological lines among his fellow justices. Here, he enjoys a light moment with U.S. President George W. Bush (L), John Paul Stevens, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, David H. Souter, John Roberts and Sandra Day O'Connor at the Supreme Court.


Scalia counted his big-family roots and Catholic faith among his influences on legal philosophy. “The court must be living in another world. Day by day, case by case, it is busy designing a Constitution for a country I do not recognize," he once complained.

Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

At the time of his death, Scalia (bottom row, second from left) was the longest-serving member of the current U.S. Supreme Court.

2016 in numbers